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Asosiate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature at Semnan University , noresideh@semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (221 Views)
Critical discourse analysis originated from the science of critical linguist and the thoughts of people such as Foucault, Habermas and Althusser. The basic principles for this type of analysis in literary texts and other texts are familiar with concepts such as critical perspective, power, ideology and metaphor. be The critical approach to discourse shows how the language users convey the ideology of powerful groups among the people and recipients of the text by using metaphor. In the critical analysis of discourse, with the emergence of people like Wedak, Vandyke, and Fairclough, different approaches such as Vandyke's social field approach, Wedak's historical discourse approach, and Fairclough's approach, which considers discourse as a social act and analyzes it, emerged.. From the point of view of Norman Fairclough, the analysis of a discourse is the analysis of each of the three dimensions (social action, discursive practice, text), because his hypothesis is based on the fact that there is a meaningful link between the specific features of the texts, the ways that the texts They are connected with each other and are interpreted, and there is a nature of social action and it is examined at three levels of description, interpretation and explanation. Hoda Barakat, a contemporary Lebanese writer, in his book Brid Al-Lail, examines the life of immigrants and refugees and refugees who are forced to leave their homes due to social, economic and political forces and live a difficult life in France. In this research, based on the descriptive-analytical method, it was tried to investigate the application of two levels of interpretation and explanation in the novel of Brid Al-Lil with a view to Norman Fairclough's critical discourse approach. The findings of the research indicate that the use of lexical possibilities at the level of meaning has made the text coherent in this novel, and by using them, the author has been able to change the perspective and mental concepts in his thought around convey concepts such as loneliness, no one, fear, war, panic and expectation to the audience. The author has tried to introduce in the form of names the different sections of the society that have been affected by the phenomenon of forced migration and to explain the reasons for migration and leaving the homeland.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: بحثیه

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